## Example

In a throw of two dice, the random variable X, the sum of the numbers shown on two dice, can take one of the 11 values shown. The PDF of this variable can be shown to be as follows (see also Figure A.1):

These probabilities can be easily verified. In all there are 36 possible outcomes, of which one is favorable to number 2, two are favorable to number 3 (since the sum 3 can occur either as 1 on the first die and 2 on the second die or 2 on the first die and 1 on the second die), and so on.

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