Distribution of the Population by Age and Gender 2000

United States: 2000

Mc

>le

1

85+

1

Fem

ale

1

80-84

1

i

75-79

]

1

70-74

1

[

65-69

1

I

60-64

1

1

55-59

50-54

I

45-49

[

40-44

1

35-39

1

30-34

1

[

25-29

|

1

20-24

|

[

15-19

1

1

10-14

|

[

5-9

1

0-4

14 12 10 8 6 Source: U.S. Census Bureau

2 0 0 2 Population (in millions)

14 12 10 8 6 Source: U.S. Census Bureau

2 0 0 2 Population (in millions)

Using Graphs Population pyramids are one way to show distribution of population. How many males and females were between the ages of 15 to 24 in the year 2000?

Visit epp.glencoe.com and click on Textbook Updates—Chapter 13 for an update of the data.

age. The Bureau of the Census predicts that life expectancy at birth will go from about 75.9 years today to 82.1 years by 2050.

The third major factor is net immigration—the net change in population caused by people moving into and out of the country. The Bureau estimates a constant net immigration of about 880,000 per year. This figure is based on 1,040,000 immigrants— those entering the country—and 160,000 emigrants— those leaving the country—in the future.

Taking into account these three factors, analysts expect the rate of population growth in the

United States to continue to decline. The growth rate is likely to fall to 0.82 percent between 2000 and 2005 and then continue to decrease until it reaches 0.49 percent by 2050. At that time, the resident United States population should be about 380 million people.

Projections by Age and Gender

In making its projections, the Census Bureau assumed that the aging baby boomer generation will drive many characteristics of the population.

CONTENTS

ECO r

N OMICS ^■

Figure 13.8

AT A

GLANCE

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