Think about your textbook as a tool that helps you learn more about the world around you. It is an example of nonfiction writing—it describes real-life events, people, ideas, and places. Here is a menu of reading strategies that will help you become a better textbook reader. As you come to passages in your textbook that you don't understand, refer to these reading strategies for help.

Before You Read

Set a purpose

• Why are you reading the textbook?

• How doe ft the subject relate to your life?

• How might you be able to use what you learn in vour own lite?


* Read the chapter title to find what the topic will be.

* Read the subtides to see what you will learn about the topic.

* Skim the photon charts, graphs, or maps, How do ihev support the topic?

* Look for vocabulary words thai are boldfaced. How are Lhev defined?

Draw From Your Own Background

• What have you read or heard concerning new information on the topic?

• How is the new information different from what you already know?

• How will the information that you already know help you understand the new information?


As You Read

♦ How do the photos, charts, graphs, and maps support the main idea?


• Think about people, places, and events in your own lite. Are there any similarities with those in your textbook?

• Can you relate the textbook information to other areas of your life?


♦ Predict events or outcomes by using clues and information that you already know.

• Change your predictions as you read and gather new information.


# Pay careful attention to details and descriptions.

♦ Create graphic organizers lo show relationships lhat you find in iJhe information.

Look For Clues As You Read

Comparisons and Contrast Sentences

# Look for clue words and phrases that signal comparison^ such as similarly, just asf bothy in commonf also, and too.

# Look for clue words and phrases that signal contrast^ such as on the other handy in contrast to, however, different, instead of, rather tkany but, and unlike.

Cause-and-Eftect Sentences

• Look for clue words and phrases such as because, as a result, therefore, that is why, since, so, for this reason, and consequently.

Chronological Sentences

♦ Look for clue words and phrases such as aftery before, first, next, last, during, finally, earlier, later, since, and then.


• Describe the main idea and how the details support it.

# Use your own words to explain what you have read.


# What was the main idea?

* Did the text clearly support the main idea?

* Did you learn anything new irom the material?

* Can you use this new information in olJher school subjects or at home?

• What other sources could you use to find more information about the topic?

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