Chapter 10 Voting and Elections


Chapter 10 Voting and Elections

Assessment & Activities

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Section 1

• To vote, you must be registered first. On Election Day, you cast your vote at the polls usually by using some type of voting machine.

Reviewing Key Terms

Find the chapter term that matches each clue below.

1. the location where voting takes place

2. when a person votes for candidates from only one party

3. when citizens cast votes for a presidential candidate they are really voting for these people

4. donations to a political party that are supposedly not designated for a particular candidate

5. a way for citizens to vote on state or local laws

6. a voting district

7. a way for citizens to propose new laws or state constitutional amendments

Section 3

■ Running for office costs money. Campaigns are funded privately and publicly.

• Many people are concerned about campaign spending.

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Using Your Foldables Study Organizer

After completing your foldable, turn your desk to face a classmate. Take turns asking each other the questions labeled on the front of your foldables. See how many you can answer completely and correctly without looking under the tabs.

Reviewing Main Ideas

8. In addition to primary elections, what three types of elections exist in the United States?

9. What group of citizens can be denied the right to vote even if they meet all the qualifications?

10. What was the purpose of the Federal Election Campaign Rnance Act of 1971?

11. What law went into effect in 1995 that made voter registration more convenient?

12. Why are national party conventions less important than they used to be?

13. How can people vote if they are too sick or out of town on Election Day?

14. When do general elections take place?

15. What do third-party candidates for president have to do to qualify for federal campaign funds?

Critical Thinking

16. Drawing Conclusions What is your opinion of the use of soft money in campaign financing? Defend your answer.

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Section 2

• There are many types of elections.

• The presidential election process includes nomination, the campaign., and the vote.


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Cause and Effect Since the nu"d-1900s, television has become increasingly important in political campaigns. Show the effect this has had on politics in the United States by completing the graphic organizer below.

Television Campaign Ads

Practicing Skills

18. Distinguishing Fact From Opinion Label each statement below as a fact or opinion.

I believe money warps government decisionmaking in favor of special interests.

The way to "level the playing field" is to give all major candidates free or reduced-cost airtime on television and radio.

The election for city attorney cost the city $2 million, about $29 per ballot.

¿y Economics Activity

19. Using the Internet or the library, find out what your representative or senator spent on the last campaign. Also determine the total number of votes cast in the election. What was the cost per ballot?

Analyzing Visuals

20. Study the political cartoon below. What statement is the cartoonist making about campaigning?

\1cwiiVii to our «sarates. a csmwitf i iiinVgS-f attuni six peint t.w milTVvi is /itwdtxf Co u/cxercAill/ •ixig >w/ (tree.xrs."

Self-Check Quiz Visit the Civics Today Web site at .corn and click on Self-Check Quizzes— Chapter 10 to prepare for the chaptor tost.

21. Form groups to investigate the political preferences of your community. Find out if the majority of registered voters are Democrats or Republicans. In the last three presidential elections, how did the majority of your community vote—Democratic or Republican?

22. Using the Internet or library, find voter participation rates in the United States and two other countries and compare them in a spreadsheet.

Standardized Test Practice

Directions; Choo9e the best answer to the following question.

Which of the following statements best describes the Electoral College?

F The candidate who wins the popular vote in each state usually wins all that state's electoral votes too.

G This primary race helps narrow the field of candidates.

H It is a body of electors, pledged to each candidate, that casts a state's electoral votes after the popular vote is taken.

J It is a way that citizens can propose new constitutional amendments.

Test-Taking Tip

Eliminate answers one by one by crossing out answers you know are incorrect.

Chapter 10 Voting and Elections

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IT WAS 10 O'CLOCK OX ELECTION NlCIIT 2000., arulpoll watchers in the small Georgia Lown ol Dallas had a problem. The Weather was luimid and rainy. Now their vote-oounting machine was rejecting thousands ol punch-card ballots because Lhe cardboard had warped. What to do? Break out the blow-dryers! "As wemlas it sounds, its standard procedure," say's election superintendent Fran Watson, "We blow a hair dryer over thorn, and then they'll go tlirough r

It's easy Lo demand reform oi America's voting system-but the reality is that there is no national system. 'Ihe (Constitution left election procedures Lo Lhe sLates. They in turn have passed the responsibility down to the counties and cities—some 3.000 of them—which choose Lheir preferred methods and pay' lor Lhern. "II your ciioiee is between new voting jnachines and a road grader., it's no contest" explains x^rkansas secretary ol slaLe Sharon PriesL. Some experts have called for a uniform national voting technology, but for now, tailoring anounrl the country occurs through a patchwork ol flawed and often antiquated methods.

A look at the various methods used throughout the United States *


Vo:e-s nsei ^br < cards into cl'obcaro-sizc dev'ces, lhe' Dune Lhe ho e oopos'te tnei ' cho'ce. Ballots a'? read by a con-ou:c--tabi. ato'.

* PROS/CON5; Ai ccono "nical method, bu: holes ¿re iiceirols.ely pcichec.~he darling biLs of csrox^rd, know as ~chads,'' e3C to inaccurate :abu ¿tio- of votes.




■ HOW IT WORKS: Voters fill ' • recaog cs, circles, ova sr or 'icomply .e arrows nsx. lo Lhiir cano'cate. Aco'sipu:e' sclects the darkest nark as .he choice.

■ PROS/CONS: Ejs>- io-'vole-'l.e ls* ¿id deubls-"larked ballots are mrrec'f.te y rejected. -~e ect.'a -nent, however, s expensive ano ca ■ have cob cms read'og s opp' y mar<eo forms.

* .: "i^urts ¿re lor t-< \>K'.i<i<nt'ol tl*:to- ht- r 'r Nc/i-:« avvw ArcHicnal is mnl< u: ol voters "n :oun:'ts *hr< mort :hi" >n< votirj -trod usviJ. .'iia: Fin lii:n H> > Fi':l:i. :ln Ci:iiimK«t:-'i.




■ HOW IT WORKS: Each cano'dare s ass'giea a lever, wiich vote's oush dcwr :o nd'catc thc'r choiccs.

■ PROS/CONS; Once ihe most oopJar "crm of vesting, :ie naciines a-?

simple to use bu: heavy, clc, ¿no no lo-'gcr rrani facturcd. There is no paoer .ai ii ecojn.s are 'eeess^ry.




■ HOW IT WORKS: Voters dircctly crtcr cho'ccs otc the machirc using a touch scrcci o- p„s" buttons. are s:o'ed via 3 ~ierro7 cairidge.

■ PROS/CONS: Thnug- as easy as us'ig an ATM, this new .ecmoogy s s." I 'a'rly expensive. Toeres no piy&ic¿l ha lot n th? eve~t of 3 'ecojn-



■ HOW IT WORKS: Voters •eco-d ihe"- choices ir p ivale py ma'king th? boxes tn toccancidatc ano then droo bailors ir a scalco box.

■ PROS/CONS? Ai i•• expensive ard straight! orvvad method tha: dates back :o i36<-j. Ccurt'ng a-d 'eccurt'ng car be very slew.

A UNIFORM BALLOT Some think there should be a single ballot design for all federal clcctioris—same type, style, arid size, with ballot marks in the same placc.


Should it be a holiday or moved to the weekend so more people don't have to squeeze in their civic responsibility around work? It's a nicc idea, but voters might just take a vacation.

VOTING BY MAIL Oregon tried it in 2000. with mixed success. If the kinks can be worked out. though, it could relieve the crowding on Election Day and boost turnout by giving people more time to vote.


Some experts see elections being eventually held entirely over the Internet. Security problems have to be solved first, though. And what about voters who are not cornputcr-I iterate?



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