Election Campaigns

GUIDE TO READING

Main idea

Every two years for Congress and every four years for the president, voters respond to political campaigns by going to the polls and casting their ballots.

Key Terms initiative, proposition, referendum, recall, Electoral College, elector, winner-take-all system

Reading Strategy Organizing Information As you read this section, complete a graphic organizer like the one below by listing features of the three types of elections.

Th-ee Types of Elections

Read to Learn

♦ What are the types of elections available to voters?

■ What are the steps in the presidential election process?

The Electoral College received more attention in the 2000 election year than it ever had before. And that's why Democratic Senator Richard Durbin of Illinois proposed a constitutional amendment to abolish the Electoral College. Durbin contends that presidential elections would be fairer if they were based solely on a popular vote. His only qualification is that if no candidate wins more than 40 percent of the popular vote, a runoff election be held between the two top vote getters. Durbin's proposal was referred to the Senate Judiciary Committee.

Senator Durbin
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