Jan aricans in Action

The economic activities o1 government affect your well-being every day. When you receive a check for your part-time or summer Job. you see deductions for Income and Social Security taxes. Laws requiring seat belts and motorcycle helmets are government mandates. Another is airport security. In November 2001 USA Today reported Congress approved an overhaul of the nation's aviation security system yesterday to put the federal government firmly in control of airport safety operations The...

Economics and

Bankruptcy is a legal proceeding in which people or companies can bo released from all or most of their debts. Because the Constitution gives Congress the right Lo establish bankruptcy laws, eases cannot be heard in state courts. Jurisdiction belongs exclusively Lo special federal bankruptcy courts. InviLe a loan officer from a local bank to class to discuss the pros and cons ot declaring bankruptcy. Cases Based on Admiralty and Maritime Laws These laws concern accidents or crimes on the high...

I2si

Privatization would add huge costs to Social Security, because any scheme has to pay full benefits to boomers who are about to retire while also prefunding the private accounts of younger workers. To pay for these costs, any privatization plan would require deep cuts in benefits, increases in the retirement age and a dramatic increase in insecurity. . . . In exchange, . . . what do we get We get a chance to gamble on the stock market with money needed to create a secure floor under our...

Biographies

Before the two Steves Wozniak and Jobs started tinkering with electronic gadgets. Lhere was no such thing as a 'personal I computer. 'Wo7 and Jobs had i an idea, however. They wanted J to figure out how Lo bring huge. 4LV complicated computers to ordi nary people. Woz created the machine a cross between a television and a typewriter and the software Lo run iL. Jobs planned the company to build and sell the computer. To raise capital, Lhe Lwo entrepreneurs sold Jobs's van and Woz's calculator...

Civics

Chapter Overview Visit tho Civics Today Web site at civ.clencoe.com and click on Chapter Overviews-Chapter 24 lu preview chapter irrtnrrnatinn. In addition to serving as a medium of exchange, money also functions as a store of value, a measure of value, and part of a broader financial system. coin, currency, commercial bank, savings and loan association (S& L), credit union, Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) Reading Strategy Organizing Information As you read, describe the...

Americans in Action

The newscaster says that according to a new government - - report, the economy Is growing and prices are rising only slightly. What exactly does it mean when someone says that the economy has been growing One of the Important measures of the economy's size is Gross Domestic Product, or GDR U.S. Secretary of Commerce William M. Daley noted, As we searched for our greatest achievement of the 20th century, we decided that) it was the invention of the gross...

The American Legal System

Constitution and the American legal system offer vital protections and rights to citizens of the United States, including those accused of a crime. stare decisis, writ of habeas corpus, bill of attainder, ex post facto law, due process of law, search warrant, double jeopardy, grand jury, bail Reading Strategy Summarizing Information As you read, list on a web diagram like the one below the legal protections enjoyed by Americans that are included in Article I and the Bill of Rights of...

Can

Marian Wright Edelman once told an interviewer that she 'never for a moment lacked a purpose worth fighting, living, or dying for.a At first, Edelman found her purpose in the civil rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s. Then, in 1973, she organized the Children's Defense Fund (CDFj. The CDF's mission is to win programs to keep children healthy, in school, and out of trouble. Edelman, the youngest of five children, credits her parents with leaching her to help other people. Working tor the...

Jc Citizenship And You Or

As American citizens, each of us has certain rights and responsibilities to participate in political parties, vote* and express our opinions on government policies. To ensure the continuation of democracy in this country, Americans must constantly involve themselves in their government. Use the American History Primary Source Document Library CD-ROM to find primary sources about political parties and interest groups. I JL-j'M .,. ,1 I organizing information Study Fddable Make the following...

The Federal Government

Every year, the federal government prepares a budget that accounts for trillions of dollars In revenues and expenditures. budget, fiscal year (FY), budget resolution, mandatory spending, discretionary spending, appropriations bill, tax return, payroll tax. Social Security, Medicare Reading Strategy Organizing Information As you read, complete a chart like the one below by listing the main sources of federal revenue and types of expenditures. How does the federal government prepare a budget What...

Economics and You

In 7Yu Wealth of Nations, economist Adam Smith, in 1776, argued against government interference in Lhe marketplace. He said thai individuals lefL on their own would work for their own self Intorest. In doing so. they would be guided as if by an invisible hand to use their resources efficiently and Lhus achieve lhe maximum good for society. Smith's ideas still wield considerable influence among many economists and political leaders today. This is why so many public services such as gas,...

State and Local Governments

Like the federal government, state and local governments must prepare yearly budgets to account far annual revenue and expenditures. Intergovernmental revenue, sales tax, property tax, entitlement program, subsidize Reading Strategy Categorizing Information As you read, complete a graphic organizer like the one below to show categories of state and local expenditures. Expenditure Categories (Largest to Smallest) What are the sources of revenue for state and local governments What are the major...

Debit Cards

Debit cards look like credit cords, but they work a lol differently. Instead of purchasing goods on credit. the debit card transfers money diroctly from the cardholder's bank account to the seller's account. Debit cards work on the principle of buy now. pay now. Talk with several people who have both a debit card and a credit card. Ask them to discuss the pros and cons of each lype of card. Present your findings in Lhe form of a chart. of financial services, including banking, insurance, and...

Democracy and Human Rights

Throughout its history, the United States has worked to promote democracy and human rights. international tribunal, genocide, apartheid, sanctions, satellite, Cold War Classifying Information As you read the section, complete a chart like the one below by describing the characteristics of these types of governments and giving an example of each. Why are many nations turning to a more democratic form of government What actions are being taken to safeguard On a visit to Guatemala in the late...

Profile of China

Chinai moves toward free enterprise are opening the country to political change. dynasty, collective farm, human rights As you read the section, complete a time line like the one below by Identifying Important events in China. How did the Chinese economic system develop following World War II How Is China's government structured 'ITiere is no ignoring the People's Republic of China. With a population of 1.3 billion, it is home to more people than any other country (nearly 20 percent of the...

Andmaik Supreme Court

In 1957 polico officers arrived at the Cleveland, Ohio, cpcrlrnenl of Dollree Mapp. They were looking for evidence linking her with a gambling operation. Mapp Rsked to see a search warrant. The police flashed a piece of paper, bul il never became clear wheLher Lhe peper was actually warrant. Although the police found no evidence of gambling, they did discover some pieces of alleged pornography. Ohio courIs sentenced Mapp to prison for possession of llegel goods. Thoy held that the pornography...

Financing Trade

Different nations have different currencies. The United States uses the dollar as its medium of exchange Mexico, the peso Britain* the pound and Japan, the yen. If you travel outside the United States or invest in foreign business* you will want to knowT the cxchangc rate what the price of your nation's currency is in terms of another nation's currency. Most of the wTorldrs nations use a flexible exchange rate Protesting WTO Policies At an anti-WTO demonstration, protesters criticize the...

R Funding Congressional Campaigns 19972000

After the national conventions, the two major-party candidates can receive equal shares of money from the fund, so long as they agree not to acccpc any other direct contribution . Third-party candidates can also qualify for this funding if their party received more than 5 percent of the popular vote in the previous presidential election. Most money for election campaign comes from private sources rather than public funding. Private sources provide hundreds of millions of dollars for campaigns....

Education and Social Issues

Increasingly, local school boards must deal with a number of problems and challenges that Include increased state and federal control, funding Inadequacies, privatization, vouchers, charter schools, and mass testing. Governments also spend time and money on protecting the safety and welfare of Americans. As you read, list challenges faced by local school districts on a web diagram like the one below. What are the challenges faced by local school districts How does the government protect...

State and Local Organization

Each party has 50 state committees or organizations. In some states the parties are well organized, have large staffs, and spend a lot of money each year. In others the organization is weak. State committees focus on Sandra Valasquez used to be on the shy side, but that was before she joined the Oregon Latino Voter Registration Education Projoct in 1998. These days, the 17-ycar-old high school junior from Salem, Oregon, is front and ccntcr as she pounds the pavement to get out the minority...

[W Teens Action

IVs not every Kid who has attended a presidential inauguration. Then again. Haamld Johnson is hardly every kid.'7 At 17, Johnson has already been elected Youth Mayor of Chicago and had an internship at Oily Hall. He has organized a school political science club, been twice elected class president, worked briefly for the Democratic Party, and logged some 50 hours passing out flyers and making phone calls for then-candidate George W. Bush. Even though Bush did lose Illinois, says Johnson. I feel...

Why Your Vote Matters

Hie best way to prepare to vote is to stay informed about candidates and public issues. Newspapers, TV, radio, newsmagazines, and the Internet carry useful information. Other good sources include the Vlntrs3Information Bulletin, published by the League of Women Voters literature distributed by each political party and information published by interest groups such as the American Conservative Union or the AlrL-CIO Committee on Political Education. s you read about candidates and the issues they...

How Congress Is Organized

In Congress, members of each party select their own leaders and work mainly In committees to carry out their duties. bicameral, census, constituent, gerrymander, majority party, minority party, standing committee, seniority Comparing and Contrasting Information Create a chart similar to the one below. As you read, compare the House of Representatives to the Senate. organized What role do committees play In Congress organized What role do committees play In Congress Every year, inside the U.S....

Other Party Roles

Nominating candidates for office is just one of many roles that political parties perform. Once a party has nominated its candidates for office, it begins to campaign for them in the general election.The parties raise money for the campaign.'llicy also help candidates get across tiieir ideas and views on public issues to voters. A key role for party volunteers is to make sure party supporters are registered to vote and to ensure that on Election Day these voters go to the polls. The party's...

The Articles of Confederation

Although each state was well prepared and eager to govern itself when independence was declared, a state could not do some things on its own. It could not raise and maintain a large army, tor example, and Americans realized that 13 small, separate forces would be no match for the mighty British army. Americans realized that if they wanted to win the war with Great Britain, they needed a single, strong army under central control. I-or this and other reasons, the Second Continental Congress made...

Environmental Issues

Protecting the environment Is an Important Issue that community leaders must deal with. solid waste, recycling, conservation Reading Strategy Comparing and Contrasting As you read, use a diagram like the one below to compare and contrast the processes of recycling and conservation. How has the government tried to stop air and water pollution We live in an industrialized society and we pay a high price For doing so. Every time we turn on a light, drive our car, or throw away trash, wc may harm...

Being an Economically Smart Citizen

Main Idea In a market economy, people and businesses act in their own best Interests to answer the WHAT, HOW, and FOR WHOM questions. market economy, capitalism, free enterprise, Incentive, rational choice Reading Strategy Organizing Information As you read this section, complete a diagram like the one below by describing your rights and responsibilities In a market economy. Why Is It Important to be Informed about economic activity Understanding Your Role in the Economy To he good economic...

How a Community Handles Issues

When ideas for public policy come before a community, leaders must consider many factors, including infrastructure, priorities, resources, and financing. public policy, infrastructure, priorities, resources, master plan Reading Strategy Analyzing Information As you read, list on a web diagram like the one below factors that must be considered by community leaders when making public policy. F > lors la Consider in Making Public Policy How do community leaders make public policy What factors...

Components of Public Opinion

Political scientists and public opinion experts often describe public opinion in terms of three features direction, intensity, and stability. Here is what they mean. One key question is whether public opinion on any given topic is positive or negative. For example, are people for or against spending more money on national defense Do people support or oppose a cut in taxes On most topics, public opinion is mixed* with some people expressing positive opinions, and other people holding negative...

Settew to lean

There are constitutional and informal requirements for the U.S. presidency. Presidents are elected through an indirect method called the Electoral College. - According to the Constitution, the president's main job is to carry out the laws passed by Congress. The basic goal of American foreign policy is national defense. Write the key term from the chapter that fits 1. a rule issued by the president that has the force of law 2. people chosen by the president to fill a certain post because they...

Jknericans in Action

The presidency of the United States carries with it a responsibility so personal as to be without parallel No one can make decisions for him Even those closest to him never know all the reasons why he does certain things and why he comes to certain conclusions. To be President of the United States is to be lonely, very lonely at times of great decisions. Harry S Truman was the thirty-third president of the United States, serving from 1945 to 1953.The president heads the executive branch of the...

Criminal Cases

Criminal cases follow a legal procedure from arrest to the verdict and sentencing. crime, arraignment, testimony, cross-examine, acquittal, hung jury Analyzing Information Outline the procedures that take place In a criminal case after an arrest is made, using a graphic organizer similar to the one below. What are the general types of criminal cases What procedures do criminal cases follow In criminal law eases the government charges someone with a crime and is always the prosecution the party...

Fteytew in iarn

Just like private citizens, the government must develop a budget each year that predicts revenues and expenditures. The federal government's largest expenditures include Social Security, national defense, and income security. State and local governments also have to prepare budgets every year that predict revenues and expenditures. The largest single category of spending for local governments is elementary and secondary education. The federal government budgeting process tries to predict...

Volunteering in Your Community

Every year in the United States, millions of people donate their time, effort, and money to help make their communities and their country a better place to live. community, bureaucracy, welfare, volunteerism Reading Strategy Organizing Information As you read, complete a graphic organizer like the one below In which you list ways that people volunteer. Why does our country need people to volunteer What are the various ways In which people The Need for HonoHrin2Craz Why did Korczak Ziolkowski do...

The Powers of Congress

While the Constitution limits the powers of Congress, It also gives Congress the powers It needs to conduct its business and accomplish Its goals. expressed powers, implied powers, elastic clause, impeach, writ of habeas corpus, bill of attainder, ex post facto law Reading Strategy Comparing Information As you read, complete a chart similar to the one below to compare Congress's legislative powers to its non legi Stative powers. What powers did the Constitution give to Congress What powers did...

Analyzing Primary Sources

You missed the school basketball game last week and want to know how well the team played. How will you find out You probably would ask a schoolmate who went to the game. You might also ask a student from the opposing team's school. Their accounts would be on-the-scene. eyewitness accounts known as primary sources, but they may differ. Primary sources provide different perspectives about an event or issue. To analyze primary sources, follow these steps First determine if the information at hand...

MHH p

Speaking at a Town Meeting Artist Norman Rockwell painted typical American scenes like this New England town meeting (left). At a public meeting in west Philadelphia in 2001. citizen Ronald Johnson speaks out about proposed zoning changes. How are town meetings an example of direct democracy towns in these states consist of both an urban area and the surrounding rural area. New lingland town government is one of the oldest forms of government in the United States. Within the New England...

The State Judicial Branch

Most legal matters in a state are handled In a three-tiered state court system similar In structure to the federal judiciary. justice of the peace, misdemeanor, magistrate court, plaintiff, defendant, felony- Reading Strategy Summarizing Information As you read, use a graphic organizer similar to the one below to list features of state court systems. Appal tale State Court GbukkjI Tri< jl System V Lower State TTTTT organized How are state court Judges selected -we keep punishing the kids and...

Deciding Cases at the Supreme Court

Supreme Court justices weigh many factors and go through several complex steps before making a decision. docket, brief, majority opinion, dissenting opinion, concurring opinion, stare decisis Reading Strategy Sequencing Events As you read, on a graphic organizer similar to the one below, take notes on the steps Involved In reaching a Supreme Court decision. What are the steps In the Supreme Courts decision-making process What factors Influence Supreme Court decisions The Supreme Court decides...

Merican

Emma Lazarus wrole lhe poem that today captures the meaning of the Statue of Liberty. Lines from The New Colossus, wrillen in 1883. appear at the statue's base. In words now famous, Lazarus declared Give mo your tired, your poor, Year huddled masses yearning to breaths free. Lazarus, the fourth ot seven children, grew up in one of the oldest and most respected Jewish families in New York CiLy. She published her first book at ago 17 and by age 25 was a well known writer. All around her. Lazarus...

RJmsricans in Action

Why do some CDs cost more than others Why does the price of video rentals go down when another video store opens in the neighborhood One of the factors that has an effect on price is demand. A November 2001 news story discussed how demand and other factors affected the price of gas Among early holiday gifts this season is the lowest-priced gasoline in three years. Memo to consumers Don't get used to it. The falling prices are a matter of supply and demand. Supplies are plentiful because...

The Economy and

Richard Hecker and Ruchit Shah met online and soon discovered that they shared an interest in business. The two high school students ultimately formed a multimillion-dollar company, called ClickZen.com. It is an advertising network that sells and serves banner space on a variety of Web sites. According to a 2001 article from Redlff.com. Ruchit, a resident of Charlotte, North Carolina, from an early age displayed an Intense Interest In the Internet and ways of doing business on the Net. Looking...

Msricans in Action

Te Benjamin Franklin was leaving the last session of the Constitutional Congress, a woman asked, What kind of government have you given us, Dr. Franklin A republic or a monarchy Franklin answered, A republic. Madam. If you can keep it Franklin's response indicated that a republic a system of government in which the people elect representatives to exercise power for them requires citizens to take an active role. In designing their plan for government , the delegates to the Constitutional...

Extending the Bill of Rights

William Lloyd Garrisons dedication to the abolition of slavery was apparent. As a newspaper apprentice, and later as the owner of his own newspapers, ending slavery was nearly his sole concern. In the first edition of 77 e Llb amp rator, published In 1831. Garrison promised his readers. I am in earnest I will not equivocate I will not excuse I will not retreat a single Inch AND I WILL BE HEARD. Thirty-four years later came proof that Garrison's words had been heard when the...

Markets and Prices

Supply and demand work together to determine market price. surplus, shortage, equilibrium price Understanding Cause and Effect As you read the section, complete a diagram like the one below by describing three advantages of using prices to distribute goods and services. How do demand and supply work together to determine price How do shortages and surpluses affect price In 2001 the oil producers who made up OPEC felt that demand was too low and supply too high. As a result, their oil was...

How a Bill Becomes a

Bill Becomes Law Diagram President

Several complex steps are Involved In taking an Idea and turning It Into a law. joint resolution, special-interest group, rider, filibuster, cloture, voice vote, roll-call vote, veto, pocket veto Reading Strategy Sequencing Information As you read, create a graphic organizer similar to the one below. In each box write a step In the lawmaking process, showing how an idea becomes a low. Add as many boxes as necessary. How are bills Introduced and how do they work their way through Congress What...

Participation

Today millions of people have access to computers, the Internet, and the World Wide Web, all of which can be used by Americans to Increase their knowledge about political and social issues, Including Information about candidates running for office. Internet, World Wide Web, Web site, archives, nonpartisan, newsgroups Reading Strategy Drawing Conclusions As you read, complete a graphic organizer like the one below with ways you can increase your knowledge about political and social issues. Ways...

Making Foreign Policy

In attempting to achieve the nation's foreign policy goals, both the president and Congress have Important roles to play. foreign policy, national security, treaty, executive agreement, ambassador, trade sanction, embargo Comparing and Contrasting As you read, complete a chart like the one below to compare the role of Congress In foreign policy to that of the president. U.S. foreign policy What are the roles of Congress and the president In conducting foreign policy U.S. foreign policy What are...

The Nations First Governments

In 1777, the Second Continental Congress drafted the Articles of Confederation, thereby creating a weak national government. By 1730, all 13 of the original states had written constitutions. constitution, bicameral, confederation, ratify, amend Comparing and Contrasting Information As you read, create and complete a chart similar to the one below, listing features of state constitutions and the Articles of Confederation. How did the original states fashion their constitutions Why were the...

Techniques of Interest Groups

All interest groups want to influence public opinion both to increase their memberships and to convince people of the importance of their causes. Many use direct-mail campaigns to recruit members. They target potential members by using subscriber or membership mailing lists from magazines or groups with a similar viewpoint. Ethel Percy Andrus spent her life as an educator, becoming the first ferns le principal of a Californie high school at age 32. When she retired fit ago 60 in 1944, Andrus...

Article VII

The Raliiicalion of Ihe Conventions of nine Slales, shall be sufficient for the Establishment of this Constitution between the States so ratifying the Same. Done in Convention by Ihe Unanimous Consenl of Ihe States present the Seventeenth Day of September in the Year of our l.ord one thousand seven hundred and Highly seven and of Ihe independence of Ihe Uniled Slales of America Ihe Twelfth. Tii witness whereof We have hereunto subscribed our Names, George. Washington, President and Deputy from...

Comparing Economic Systems

Nafta Foldable

Bach nation of the world has a unique history, its own cultural values, political interests and economic needs. Contact the embassy or consulate of a country in which you are interested. Find out about the country's history, government, people, culture, and economy. Incorporate your information into a fact sheet. STo I am more about international trade, view the Economics lt You video lesson 24 International Trade. Explaining vocabulary study Foldable Make the following foldable to help you...

The Transition From a Command Economy

Goods And Services Command Economy

Today many nations in the world are making the transition from one type of economy to another. Some are moving from a traditional economy to a more developed system. Others are shifting from a command economy to a market-based system. The main reason for the transition is the remarkable success of the major market economies in the world. Market economies have prospered, and many countries hope to be able to bring that prosperity to their own people. Command economics became increasingly...

Reading a Time Zone

Different Time Zones United States

The world is divided into 24 different time zones. Six of them divide the United States. Communicating or traveling between them To read a time zone map., follow these steps Trace the vertical sections dividing the map. Each section represents a time zone. Observe the east-west progression of the zones across the map. The starting point is 0 longitude. Read the labels showing the time in different zones. Subtract or add hours among zones to determine time differences. Read the map above then...

Two Forms of Democracy

Democratic Countries Africa

Relationship Among Branches of Government Powers of executive, legislative, and Judicial President Is elected directly t gt y popular vote President acts as head of government anrt head of state Executive and laglslatlve functions are united Judiciary operates independently Prime minister id chosen t gt y members of Parllamant Prime minister usually acts as head of government only monarch or president Is head of state The branches of government have different responsibilities under the various...

Economic Systems

Command Economy Trade

To deal with the fundamental problem of scarcity, different types of economic systems exist. market economy, per capita GDP, command economy, socialism, communism, mixed economy Reading Strategy Organizing Information As you read the section, complete a diagram like the one below by describing three characteristics of a market economy. How does a market economy work What are the characteristics of a command economy How does a market economy work What are the characteristics of a command economy...

Comparing Systems of Government

By comparing political systems, we can develop an appreciation for those systems that provide a large degree of personal freedom and economic opportunity. Choose a foreign country to research. Look for significant historical events that influenced the country's government. Report your findings to the class. To learn more about comparative government, view the Democracy in Action video lesson 25 Parliamentary v. Presidential Systems. compare and contrast Study Foldable Make this foldable and use...

Barriers to International Trade

Trade Barriers Political Cartoon

International trade can cause problems for workers who make a product in a country that docs not have a comparative advantage. Consumers are likely to buy foreign-produced goods because they arc cheaper. When they do so, though, the companies in the consumers' own country that employ these workers lose sales. Those companies Major U.S. imports are cars and raw petroleum products. Major U.S. imports are cars and raw petroleum products. are likely to cut hack on production and lay off workers....

The Road to the Constitution

Pennsylvania State House 1787 Drawn

In 17S7 a remarkable group of American leaders from all but one state gathered In Philadelphia to address the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation, but they soon decided that a new constitution was needed. Reading Strategy Identifying Information As you read, list prominent leaders and characteristics of delegates to the Constitutional Convention in a web diagram like the one below. Delegates to the Constitutional Convention Who attended the Constitutional Convention What rules did the...

How Federal Courts Are Organized

Main Idea Three levels of federal courts district courts, appeals courts, and the Supreme Court handle a wide array of cases every year. district court , original Jurisdiction, appeals courts, appellate jurisdiction, circuit, romand, opinion, precedent Reading Strategy Analyzing Information As you read, take notes on a graphic organizer like the one below. Why Is a pyramid chart appropriate for the federal court system How do the three levels of federal courts differ How are federal Judges...

Measuring Public Opinion

How do political leaders, interest groups, and others find out what the public's opinion is on an issue One way to measure public opinion is by looking at election results. If voters elect a particular candidate to office, presumably many of them agree with the candidate's ideas and proposals. Measuring public opinion by-looking at election results is not always reliable, though. People vote for particular candidates for a variety of reasons. Perhaps they liked how a candidate looked, or they...

The Birth of a Democratic Nation

Intolerable Acts 1774 Cartoon

When Great Britain attempted to exert tighter control over the American colonies, the colonists, who were used to running their own affairs, resisted and eventually declared independence. mercantilism, boycott, repeal, delegate, Independence Cause and Effect As you read, complete a chart like the one below by explaining how the colonists responded to British actions. How did the British government try to tighten control over Its American colonies How did American colonists resist and reject the...

Constitutional Compromises

Delegates Decide Whether Not Ralify

L-or six weeks the delegates debated the merits of the two plans. Neither side wanted to give in. Some delegates even threatened to leave the convention yet all the delegates shared the goal of creating a new constitution, so they kept working. A committee headed by Roger Sherman of Connecticut finally came up with an answer, llic committee proposed that Congress have two houses a Senate and a House of Representatives, Each state would have equal representation in the Senate, which would please...

Types of Elections

The Electoral College is pari of the proccss that Americans use to select their president. Americans also vote in various other elections. With about half a million elcctcd officials in the United States, it seerm as if someone, somewhere gt is always running for office. In addition, Americans have many opportunities to vote on issues as well as candidates. Besides primary elections, there are three types of elections in the United States general elections, elections on issues, and special...

The Diversity of Americans

In addition to its common values and civic unity, the United States benefits from Its rich diversity. Reading Strategy Identifying Information As you read, create a web diagram like the one shown here, In which you list as many examples of diversity in the United How and why do Americans represent diverse cultures What are the common values and civic unity that hold together Americans from diverse racial, ethnic, and religious backgrounds The diversity of the United States has been, and still...

Our English Heritage

Royal Colony Georgia

English settlers in the American colonies established traditions of representative government that they had learned in England. monarch, legislature, Parliament, precedent, common law, colony, charter, compact Reading Strategy Organizing Information As you read, complete a web diagram like the one below by listing the features of English law that the colonists brought with them to America. What were the English traditions of limited and representative government How did colonists transplant...

The Duties and Responsibilities of Citizenship

The privilege of U.S. citizenship brings with It certain responsibilities. Some are legal, such as obeying laws and paying taxes, and some are voluntary, such as participating in the political process and being Informed. responsibility, duty, draft, tolerance Reading Strategy Summarizing Information As you read, on a web diagram like the one below list the legal responsibilities of U.S. citizens. Legal Responsibilities cil U.S. Citizens Legal Responsibilities cil U.S. Citizens Read to Learn...

Why Study Civics

President Abraham Lincoln once said thai zve have a government of the peopley by the peopley and for the peopleWhat does this mean to you This means that the United States government and gover ns yon, your jam ily, your fellow Americans relies on the knowl-'ls of that society to operate and to oper-United States government is a hich means that the ultimate power of nt rests with the people you a id me. cannot simply exist they require the o f citizens. lerican, you fill many roles you are a...

Understanding the Parts of a

British Territory 1787

Students and adult citizens need to acquire many different kinds of information. You gain knowledge through a variety of activities, such as observing, listening, and reading. Maps can present a great deal of information in brief and interesting formats. Maps can direct you down the street, across the country, or around the world. To make the most of map reading, you need to understand the parts of a map. Land Area of the united statesr 1787 Read the title to discover the subject of the map....

Wjodla . Com De

Governments ' What purpo amp rc do governments serve governments ' What purpo amp rc do governments serve Americans in Action Read about real people taking real action as citizens. Government oil the People, by the People, for the People When Americans vot or serve on a jury, their actiorc are based on Ideas that people had in the fourth century u.r. In examining how people act. Arfctotie wrote these vranfe If liberty and equality. 3s Is thought by some, are chiefly to be found in democracy,...

Identifying Words and Building Vocabulary

What do you do when you come across a word you do not know as you read Do you skip over the word and keep reading H you are reading for fun or entertainment, you might. But rf you are reading for information, an unfamiliar word may get in the way of your understanding. When that happens, try the following strategies to figure out how to say the word and what the word means. Snuidiig out the wurd One way to figure out how to say a new word is to sound it out, syllable by syllable. Look carefully...

Foldables

Organizing information Study Foldable Make the following foldabie to help you organize what you learn about citizenship and government in a democracy. Step 1 Collect 2 sheets of paper and place them about 1 inch apart. Step 2 Fold up the bottom edges of the paper to form 4 tabs. Step 1 Collect 2 sheets of paper and place them about 1 inch apart. Step 2 Fold up the bottom edges of the paper to form 4 tabs. Writing As you rend the chapter, write the main ideas presented in each of the three...